Kochi (of early Cochin called)
The city of Kochi lies in the southern part of India, in the coach test sowing Kerala. She became direct in a natural harbour (which originated in 1341 with a flood disaster) built which lies on the coast of the Arabian Sea. The capital of Keralas is removed Thiruvananthapuram and just 200 km from Kochi. Kochi is the second largest town in Kerala with about 600,000 inhabitants. The city of Kochi has lain mainly on the mainland, has shifted, however, also to a few small islands. The parts of town fort Kochi and Mattancherry lie on a peninsula and Ernakulam on the mainland.
Kochi is the most important port in Kerala. On Willingdon Iceland which is connected by the Palluruth bridge with fort Kochi and by the Venduruthy bridge with Ernakulam are several big harbour arrangements. Beside the exportation of various products, to the ship construction, the textile industry, the fishing and the wooden economy, the tourism has also become meanwhile an important source of income.
Many ferries are used as a means of transportation between the mainland and the islands and peninsulas. The international airport of Kochi lies beyond the town and is to be reached to the car at about 40 minutes. Two railway stations in Kochi offer a good connection with the rest of India, besides, train driving is very inexpensive in India.
The average temperature in Kochi amounts all year round about 28 degrees centigrade. Hence, this comes this the temperatures on account of the situation by the sea sway only very minimally. The monsoon time (rainy season) starts in May and mostly lasts till the end of August, however, here there also is from September to December over and over again strong rainfall.
In Kochi primarily Hindus, but also many Muslims and Christians live. The mostly spoken language is here Malayalam, but also English is spoken of many inhabitants.
Places of interest in Kochi
The Franciscans Kirche was established in 1503 by Europeans of wood and was renewed in the 16th century by a stone construction. It is the oldest church in India of Europeans fort Kochi on the peninsula was built and finds itself in the part of town. The famous Chinese fishing nets are also to be found there, they were introduced supposedly in the 13th century by Chinese businessmen.
In of the middle of the part of town of Mattancherry of the Mattancherry the palace which was built in the 15th century by Portuguese, around a Hindu temple around. The Portuguese made to him to the Raja of Kochi (at that time Cochin) the present and received commercial privileges as a consideration.
In the 16th century he became of Dutchman renovated and is known since also as a Dutch Palace. Meanwhile he is used as a museum and in the first floor there is a big hall with wall paintings of Indian epics is decorated.
In the Jewish quarter of the part of town of Mattancherry is a synagogue which was built in the 15th century and was destroyed in the 16th century by the Portuguese. About 2 years after the destruction of the synagogue the Dutchmen began with her reconstruction. Today the synagogue with Chinese, hand to painted tiles and artistic oil lamps which hang from the cover is decorated. There is there also a Torah’s role and copper records on which recordings about the privileges of the Jewish forefathers are to be seen.
The Bolghatty palace is on Bolghatty Iceland, a small island, and was built in 1744 by the Dutchmen.
The Portuguese fortress Palliport was built in the 16th century and is on Vypeen Iceland, also a small island, and is absolutely worth a visit.